and legal frameworks, actors dealing with FGM and their approaches. The aim is to identify and fill the gaps in data collection and to support the development of strategies to combat FGM in the EU.
Reflecting international standards of discussing gender- based violence in a framework of human rights, this re- port uses a ‘comprehensive approach’, focusing on pre- valence, prevention, protection, prosecution and provision of services. This report is based on the ‘Study to map the current situation and trends of female genital mutilation in 27 EU Member States and Croatia’, which was com- missioned by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) and which mapped existing information and data on FGM in the EU-27 and Croatia. It is important to note that its in-depth component was only undertaken in nine EU Member States. Therefore, for countries where the in- depth phase of research did not occur, this report is less representative. Finally, it must be noted that any compre- hensive approach to tackling FGM cannot be restricted to the borders of the EU-27 and Croatia. FGM is, by nature, a global, transnational phenomenon. That is why it needs to be addressed in bi- and multilateral discussions among authorities and stakeholders at a multitude of levels.